Marine protected areas (MPA) are renowned to be one of the most efficient biodiversity conservation tool. Much more, they contribute to the socioeconomic development of the islands and coastal States, through promotion of ecotourism and sustainable use of resources (fishing) for population well-being.
The success of a MPA depend largely on appropriate governance and a solid legal framework which can guarantee its viability. Managers of MPA, representatives of key ministries, relevant University departments but also legal professions working on environment field, were trained on laws related to MPA, enforcement and governance mechanism. These participants will train other stakeholders in wider scale.
This capacity building is part of Biodiversity program, funded by the European Union (EU) and implemented by the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC).
During the 6th World Parc Congress in Sydney in 2014, Madagascar ambitioned to triple its marine protected areas surface. Otherwise, Comoros would like to make Mohéli island a Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO.