As a child, the plants already piqued her curiosity. "We had a Plectranthus amboinicus - local name Ngnadombwé - at home, a small aromatic plant," recalls Andilyat. "I wondered why it grows slowly and never becomes a tree, why put sand in the pot and not other cleaner thing. I looked at her and I thought I'd like to know what's going on inside. When I grew up, I realized it was normal. I decided to do ecology to understand the relationship between plants and their environment".
Her bachelor’s degree in her pocket, this dynamic young Comorian pursues studies in natural sciences and specializes in plant ecology in Antananarivo (Madagascar). She is currently in her final year of thesis in Applied Plant Biology on Phytogeography of the vegetation of the island of Ngazidja.
Her idea to create a herbarium sprouted in 2008 but it has become a reality in 2010. In 2015, the Scientific Council of the University of the Comoros decided to make the herbarium a research department, a botanical conservatory.
"Inside we have a laboratory of geomatics, a laboratory of all that emerges from the science of the plant, where we work on the improvement of plants and so on. We also have an ecology lab where we work on conservation, "she proudly describes her herbarium.
Very simply, a herbarium is defined as "Library that conserves plants instead of keeping books with all the characteristics of the plant. Each plant carries all the information that a book can contain ".
But what is the use of a herbarium? "You can not keep something you do not know. In order to better understand plant biodiversity, we must better conserve, "she says convincingly.
It should be noted that the Comoros herbarium also hosts the Ecosystem Accounting Office for natural capital which is also supported by the IOC Biodiversity Program, as well as the GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) in Comoros.
According to the explanations of the botanist, "We have 12 personnel of which 3 are contractual and the rest are permanent, taken in charge by the university. Otherwise, I’m in charge of practical work, field trips in the University of Comoros.
Her dreams, "the development of the herbarium of Comoros like the others in the region; and the concretization of setting up a virtual network of the Western Indian Ocean herbariums to add the value of what we have ".
Acknowledging the partners of the herbarium, she recalls that "At the end of the project Sud Expert Plantes, we had little visibility but we managed. Subsequently, the IOC Biodiversity program made it possible to highlight the herbarium at the University of the Comoros ".
Questioned about her passions, Andyliat answers without hesitation: "Geomatics! Reason why a geomatics lab has been opened where all the remote sensing and mapping are dealt with. This facilitates the work of the herbarium but it was also a passion ".
Her favorite plant is a 10m high tree belonging to the family Putranjivaceae of the genus Drypetes comorensis which local name is Mzinkudu zamadjini, literally the banana of the Djins. Orphaned food plant whose berries grow on the trunk of the tree have the taste of banana. Its food character is not known by most of the localities that host it. A study for its valorization is in progress in the laboratory of the sciences of the plant of the herbarium
On the private side, this mother of 2 children likes "to walk in the forest, to take young people, to explain why they have this plant here, why not elsewhere…". She claims to have passed on her love for nature to her family.